Acne causes embarrassment and frustration. Cleansers, scrubs, and treatments are not a one size fits all solution. Different patients and skin types have unique needs. Unfortunately, some types of acne lead to scars which only adds to the pain and stress of the condition. The formation of scars may become unsightly causing patients to hide from embarrassment. There are options to smooth and improve your skin. Patients near Dyker Heights can turn to Dr. Tatiana Khrom and Khrom Dermatology & Aesthetics for tips on how to get rid of acne scars.
Types of acne
A pimple or breakout here and there is common. However, patients who have tried over-the-counter treatments without success or who have recurrent breakouts should consider seeing a board-certified dermatologist. Medical advice is often needed for the following acne types:
- Recurrent acne
- Cystic acne
- Acne scars
Cystic acne is a common cause of permanent acne scars. Unfortunately, it does not only strike teenagers. The problem can last for years and even adults can get cystic acne. Men are more often affected, but women are susceptible to the condition as well. This type of acne may appear on the face, arms, shoulders, back, and chest.
Acne is often caused by hormonal changes. When the pimple or cyst forms, the skin is clogged with dead skin cells. If bacteria is trapped too, the area gets red and swollen. This is cystic acne. The red area may be tender and filled with pus. It may hurt or itch. If the cysts burst, the bacteria can spread causing infections or additional breakouts.
Causes of scars
Remember that the number one rule with any type of acne, but especially cystic acne, is not to pick at or pop the breakouts. When a pimple is popped, the skin is damaged which increases the risk of scarring. Scars form from skin trauma. With acne, when a pimple or cyst is broken, the bacteria and dead cells within that cyst spread across and underneath the skin. This can cause infections or larger lesions to develop. The body’s response system works hard to repair the damage and to create new collagen. However, the new collagen and tissue may not be exactly like the current skin. The newly developed collagen may create a different skin texture which results in the appearance of scars.
The common types of scars include the following:
- Ice pick scars are often found on the cheeks. They are holes in the skin that may be large, open, and deep.
- Boxcars are wide scars that are the result of inflammation.
- Rolling scars make the skin look wavy. These are caused by infections.
- Scars may also be hypertrophic or atrophic. Hypertrophic scars are raised bumps on the skin. These occur when the body produces too much collagen. Atrophic scars are depressions in the skin that occur when collagen or tissue is lost.
Get rid of acne scars
Every scar is unique. Even on the same patient, individual scars may vary. The age, size, shape, thickness, and color of each scar may be different. The same treatment may not work for each scar or patient. Some patients may achieve noticeable results after a single treatment. Others may need a combination or series of treatments to improve the texture and quality of their skin. During a consultation with Dr. Khrom, she will determine which treatment may be best for your skin type and acne scars. A customized treatment plan will be tailored to your unique needs.
Common scar treatments may include:
- TCA peels
- Laser resurfacing
- Subcision with Sculptra
- Infini microneedling
Laser resurfacing for acne scar removal is a popular treatment. The laser stimulates cell turnover and skin rejuvenation. The energy targets the damaged skin without harming the healthy surrounding tissue. The skin surface is not broken. The goal of any scar removal treatment is to minimize the scar’s appearance. This makes it more consistent with the tone and texture of the surrounding skin. A scar cannot be completely erased but treatments can help improve the way it looks.
Improve the appearance of your skin with acne scar removal treatments. Dyker Heights patients can contact Khrom Dermatology & Aesthetics at the primary location in Brooklyn by calling 718-751-0674. The practice has three locations in and around the New York area.